ZR+ means different things to different people. Learn about the wide range of different solutions encompassed by the generic term “ZR+”, the industry standards and MSAs driving their development, and additional coherent pluggable capabilities
Through continued innovation, the use of coherent optical technology has expanded to support new networking applications and in new ways with coherent pluggable modules. Ciena’s Patricia Bower explains features, design challenges and
In this article, Patricia Bower reviews the advances made in electro-optical component design, the other critical constituent of a coherent optical modem enabling programmable infrastructures.
Patricia Bower explores coherent DSP design - one of the primary tools network equipment designers have in order to enable programmability and flexibility - and its significance for network transformations.
Photonic integration and co-packaging are related approaches to addressing area and power challenges for networking applications. Patricia Bower explains how these component-level design options will enable future footprint-optimized solutions for
For specific applications like single-span point-to-point links there is a growing need to take advantage of the benefits of coherent technology but in smaller, dedicated and pluggable forms.Ciena’s Patricia Bower explores this branch of coherent
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