ZR+ means different things to different people. Learn about the wide range of different solutions encompassed by the generic term “ZR+”, the industry standards and MSAs driving their development, and additional coherent pluggable capabilities
In this article, Patricia Bower reviews the advances made in electro-optical component design, the other critical constituent of a coherent optical modem enabling programmable infrastructures.
Patricia Bower explores coherent DSP design - one of the primary tools network equipment designers have in order to enable programmability and flexibility - and its significance for network transformations.
Photonic integration and co-packaging are related approaches to addressing area and power challenges for networking applications. Patricia Bower explains how these component-level design options will enable future footprint-optimized solutions for
For specific applications like single-span point-to-point links there is a growing need to take advantage of the benefits of coherent technology but in smaller, dedicated and pluggable forms.Ciena’s Patricia Bower explores this branch of coherent
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