Submarine networks are essential to today’s connected world, carrying 99 percent of intercontinental electronic communications traffic. This critical infrastructure must be extremely resilient and adaptable to ever-growing bandwidth demands and performance requirements. With Ciena’s Manage, Control and Plan (MCP) domain controller and applications, submarine network operators gain full visibility and control of their coherent-optical infrastructure and overlay spectrum services—enabling the most efficient utilization of assets to assure service performance while curtailing operating costs.