In agencies’ network transformation and modernization journeys, NFV delivers virtual appliances without the operations headache. After implementing NFV, federal network operators can focus on their mission instead of worrying about troubleshooting, supporting, and managing large numbers of different physical devices. Virtualization scales down and offers virtual applications through networks or servers to reduce expenses and improve efficiency. Virtualization also allows agencies to simplify, and to reallocate large technology costs away from constantly having to replace legacy systems or hardware. So how can the federal government begin to adopt NFV to reduce costs and improve efficiency?